如何为分娩做准备: 13 步骤

分娩和生产是孕育孩子的过程中最有成就感的,也是最费力的。这些技巧能帮助你理解这件改变生活的大事,并做好准备。

步骤
  1. 要了解分娩有三个阶段。第一阶段是子宫颈为宝宝的降生在做准备,第二阶段是胎儿真正出生,而第三阶段则是胎盘娩出期。

    • 第一阶段:潜伏期是从宫口从0厘米扩张到3厘米这段时间。这时宫颈会变软变薄,也称为宫颈展平期。宫缩会比较轻微,持续时间约为30秒。活跃期也称为过渡期,这时宫颈继续打开,为胎儿在第二阶段娩出作准备。活跃期结束时,宫颈扩张应为10厘米。活跃期宫缩可持续长达60秒。对头胎准妈妈们而言,活跃期通常要延续8小时。
      如何为分娩做准备: 13 步骤

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    • 第二阶段:宫颈已完全展平,胎儿娩出。在这一阶段中,产妇会感到有用力的需要。胎儿会向下移动,在此过程中通常会向下滑一些,然后又往回缩一些。最终能看见胎儿头顶的一小部分。在最后阶段,产妇会感到极强的压迫感,迫切需要向下用力。胎头露出,分娩的其余过程就随之完成了。
      如何为分娩做准备: 13 步骤

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    • 第三阶段:这一阶段胎盘会娩出。如需做缝合,需等胎盘娩出后再进行。
      如何为分娩做准备: 13 步骤

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  2. 如何为分娩做准备: 13 步骤

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    新生儿出生后应被放置在暖箱中。出生后1分钟和5分钟时通常要进行阿普加评分。阿普加评分是根据新生儿的皮肤颜色、脉搏、反应能力、肌肉色调和呼吸对其状态进行评估。
  3. 如何为分娩做准备: 13 步骤

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    抚抱小宝宝,与新生儿建立联系。
  4. 如何为分娩做准备: 13 步骤

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    如果宝宝愿意,可以喂母乳。
  5. 如何为分娩做准备: 13 步骤

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    参加分娩课程,可以对分娩的不同过程做好准备。这种课程会教你进行呼吸练习,以及分娩过程中的其他有用技巧。
  6. 如何为分娩做准备: 13 步骤

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    参加父母培训班,可以学习如何照顾新生儿。
  7. 如何为分娩做准备: 13 步骤

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    一定要制订一份怀孕计划。这项计划能让你的护理人员了解你想经历怎样的分娩过程。
  8. 如何为分娩做准备: 13 步骤

    {“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/0/01/Prepare-for-Childbirth-Step-8.jpg/v4-460px-Prepare-for-Childbirth-Step-8.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/0/01/Prepare-for-Childbirth-Step-8.jpg/v4-728px-Prepare-for-Childbirth-Step-8.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:”728″,”bigHeight”:”546″,”licensing”:”<div class=”mw-parser-output”></div>”}
    把分娩过程中所需的物品打包准备好。这可能包括网球、擀面杖、舒适的袜子及其他能带来舒适感的东西,只要是经过你的医生允许。
  9. 如何为分娩做准备: 13 步骤

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    把过夜所需的物品打包准备好。一定要包括牙刷、牙膏、除臭剂、洗发水、卫生巾、发刷和梳子。带上一件舒适的宽松衣服,在家穿的舒适衣服,如果你打算母乳喂养,还要带上哺乳内衣。
  10. 如何为分娩做准备: 13 步骤

    {“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/0/03/Prepare-for-Childbirth-Step-10.jpg/v4-460px-Prepare-for-Childbirth-Step-10.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/0/03/Prepare-for-Childbirth-Step-10.jpg/v4-728px-Prepare-for-Childbirth-Step-10.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:”728″,”bigHeight”:”546″,”licensing”:”<div class=”mw-parser-output”></div>”}
    准备好婴儿衣服,比如睡眠玩耍连体衣或其他给宝宝穿的小衣服。一定要带上一条抱毯,这样如果外面冷,就可以包着宝宝。
  11. 如何为分娩做准备: 13 步骤

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    一定要买车用婴儿座椅,而且学会使用。分娩前就要确保婴儿座椅已经正确装在车上了。
  12. 如何为分娩做准备: 13 步骤

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    填好医院入院前表格。这样到那一天来临的时候,你就可以快速办完入院手续,全力对付阵痛和分娩。
  13. 如何为分娩做准备: 13 步骤

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    了解你的医保如何为分娩提供保险服务。

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