4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

任何一位不得不看着自己新降生的小宝宝承受便秘痛苦的父母都会告诉你,那种无助的感觉是多么可怕。这是一种可以自然痊愈的症状。但是,你可以采取一些措施来帮助宝宝缓解,甚至预防下一次便秘。

一、了解症状

  1. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    了解新生儿便秘的症状。宝宝出现快速蹬腿并伴随脸红、发出呼噜声这些努力大便的征兆时,很可能是发生了便秘。排便时不适或疼痛的表现也可以是因为便秘。
  2. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    检查新生儿排出的大便。硬球状、鹅卵石状以及非常紧凑、干燥的粪便可能是便秘的征象。
  3. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    记住宝宝上一次排便的世界。新生儿一般每天至少大便一次。不过这因人而异,没有什么固定的规则。一般地,如果宝宝3天没有大便,就很可能是发生了便秘。
  4. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    检查粪便或尿布上有无血迹。宝宝用力排便时,敏感的直肠壁可能会被撕裂。

二、了解便秘的风险

  1. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    知道持续便秘可能会导致其他并发症。如果括约肌张力持续过高,那么就会有形成痔疮的隐患。经常用力排便也可能导致肛裂,需要进行手术治疗。虽然这些疾病一般发生在成人身上,但是如果经常便秘的话,新生儿也可能患病。
  2. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    知道经常用力可能会导致直肠脱垂。由于长期过度用力,一小段肠管会被挤出肛门。
  3. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    了解新生儿便秘会导致的其他并发症。大便失禁、直肠脱出和直肠出血都是慢性便秘的特征。
  4. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    知道在严重的病例中,会发生粪便嵌顿。这种情况下的处理方式一般是用矿物质软化粪便。然后需要把手指伸入肛门里取出粪便。

三、了解病因

  1. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    在出生后的几天里,关注宝宝的排便情况。在出生后3天,宝宝的粪便就不再是胎便了。如果你的宝宝一直排胎便或者排便功能异常,那么他可能没有获取足够的营养。
  2. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    在更换婴儿食品时要小心。要知道,把母乳换成婴儿食品的过程可能会破坏宝宝敏感的消化系统,导致便秘。
  3. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    挑选适合的婴儿食品。有些婴儿食品更容易消化。如果你的宝宝对正在吃的婴儿食品消化不良,那么你可以考虑换一种。在更换婴儿食品之前先和你的健康顾问商量一下,确保你选择的是合适的产品。
  4. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    注意婴儿食品的配料表。有些婴儿食品中补充了铁,可能会引起宝宝便秘。你可以先换一种低铁含量的婴儿食品,直到你的宝宝年龄足够大,可以接受其他粪便软化剂的治疗为止。但是,你的宝宝必须摄入足够的铁才能预防贫血,所以一定要“在换婴儿食品之前咨询健康专家”。

四、知道你能采取的行动

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    先增加宝宝摄入的液体量。试着在几次喂食之间给孩子用水瓶喝一些水(如果你的健康顾问同意)。喝水不能替代喂食。
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    分几次喂食。每次喂食少喂一些,同时增加喂食频率。通过这种方式,你的宝宝的消化系统会更好地吸收婴儿食品。
  3. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    写一本宝宝日记。把你在24小时的给宝宝吃的食物量记下来,并且记录换尿布的次数。试着估计一下每片湿尿布的饱和度。宝宝食用的婴儿食品量和尿量之间有直接关联,你的健康顾问需要知道这个比例。
  4. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    避免肛门过度用力。在宝宝的肛门涂一点润滑剂来保护这个敏感的区域,并且使粪便更容易通过。不要使用矿物油作为润滑剂。
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    使用甘油栓剂。和你的健康顾问探讨一下婴儿使用的甘油栓剂。这种栓剂需要被插入宝宝的肛门里,帮助润滑坚硬的粪便,使排便更轻松。栓剂只是暂时的缓解了症状,只能偶尔使用。
  6. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    使用亚麻油。问问你的健康顾问能不能使用亚麻油来通便。经常地,在婴儿食品里加一茶匙亚麻油就能治疗婴儿便秘。
  7. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    试着给宝宝按摩。试着打圈按摩宝宝的腹部。这会让宝宝更舒服,并且有助于肠道蠕动。
  8. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    给宝宝洗一个热水澡。这能让宝宝放松,促进排便。你也可以试着把热毛巾放在宝宝肚子上。
  9. 4种方法来治疗新生儿便秘

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    让宝宝仰卧,抓住他的脚底。然后上下移动宝宝的腿,就像蹬自行车一样。这有助于缓解宝宝由于胀气导致的不适。

警告

  • 不要用泻药治疗孩子的便秘,也不要再未经医生许可的情况下给孩子灌肠。
  • 如果你采取各种措施之后,孩子的便秘仍未好转,或同时伴有呕吐易怒,那就带孩子去看医生。一定要排除潜在的患病可能。
  • 如果你采取的措施均无效,那就向你的健康顾问征求一下建议。不要在未经专业医师治疗的情况下让宝宝的便秘持续3天以上。

警告:生活小百科登载此文出于传递更多信息之目的,文章内容仅供参考,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其描述。如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.jue85.com/renji/jiating/28015.html

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